Greensboro is the largest city in the Piedmont Triad metropolitan area. The Piedmont Triad’s three major cities are Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and High Point.
Secondary cities of the Piedmont Triad are Burlington, Thomasville, Asheboro, Kernersville, Lexington, Clemmons, Eden, Reidsville, Graham, Lewisville, Archdale, Mebane, Mount Airy, and Summerfield.
Greensboro is located in Guilford County along with Summerfield and parts of Burlington and Kernersville. Smaller municipalities in Guilford County include Gibsonville, Jamestown, Oak Ridge, Pleasant Garden, Sedalia, Stokesdale, and Whitsett.
The area is served by the Piedmont Triad International Airport. Tree major interstate highways run through Greensboro; Interstate 85, Interstate 40, and Interstate 73. Daily Amtrak rail service runs to Raleigh, Charlotte, New York and New Orleans from historic J. Douglas Gaylon Depot built in 1920.
Population and growth
Greensboro’s population is approximately 300,000. Since the year 2000, the growth rate has remained steady ranging between 1.08% and 1.58% annually.
Educational institutions include, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro College, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, Guilford Technical Community College, Guilford College, and Bennett College.
Wyndham Golf Championship, Greensboro Science Center, Greensboro Coliseum Complex, Atlantic Coast Conference headquarters, Wet ‘n Wild Emerald Pointe, Weatherspoon Art Museum, International Civil Rights Museum, Greensboro Symphony, Greensboro Ballet, Triad Stage, and Guilford Battleground Park.
Professional sports teams include the Greensboro Grasshoppers of the South Atlantic Baseball League, Greensboro Swarm of the NBA G League, Carolina Dynamo of the Premier Development Soccer League, and Greensboro Roller Derby.
The primary indigenous culture were the Siouan-speaking Saura people. In 1750, Quaker migrants began settling and Greensboro quickly became the most important Quaker community in North Carolina. In 1781, American Revolutionary Battle of Guilford Court House was led by rebel American forces Major General Nathanael Greene against British Army General Cornwallis. After the Revolutionary War, the city was named after Major General Greene.